In 1929, Jawaharlal Nehru gave a call of ‘Poorna Svaraj’ made January 26 the Indian Independence Day. The date continued to be celebrated until 1950 and was assumed as the day when India began to be a sovereign country.
So why do we celebrate the Indian Independence Day on August 15? On early 1947, Lord Louis Francis Mountbutten was sent by the United Kingdom to transfer the power by June 1948. He was a royal navy officer, politician and diplomatic.
During the time of his arrival, in India, there was a level of social conflict that, in his eyes, involved a risk of imminent bloodshed. That is why he changed the date to August 1947. He particularly chooses the day of the second anniversary of the Japanese surrender to the Allies. Years later, he would assert that there was no other reason for it than a personal memory of hearing the news on the radio while sitting in Churchill’s room. He said that the exact date, in spite of that personal memory, came actually out of blue. At that moment, he was asked if he had already decided the day. He simply didn’t want to show that he hadn’t.
The truth is that, at that time, independence released India and also Pakistan from British rule. During subsequent years, the date went on having different meanings from both nations. The one that came more suitable for both, and still remains, is the one that refers to the fact that on August 14, 1947, was the 27th Ramadan, a sacred date for Muslims.
In any case, the most powerful meaning, regardless of the dates, is the one that refers to the day when people in both countries reached their right to self-government and started building an own national identity that, up to this days, stills one of the wealthiest in the entire world.